Bhagavad Gita 11.9


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sañjaya uvāca
evam uktvā tato rājan
mahā-yogeśvaro hariḥ
darśayām āsa pārthāya
paramaḿ rūpam aiśvaram

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 11.9

Sanjaya said: O King, having spoken thus, the Supreme Lord of all mystic power, the Personality of Godhead, displayed His universal form to Arjuna.

Commentary by Sri A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada of Gaudiya Sampradaya:

No commentary by Srila Prabhupada.

Commentary by Sri Vishvanatha Chakravarthi Thakur of Gaudiya Sampradaya:

No commentary by Sri Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakur.

Commentary by Sri Ramanuja of Sri Sampradaya:

11.9 Sanjaya said — Having thus spoken, Sri Krsna, who is the great Lord of Yoga, namely, the Lord of supremely wonderful attributes — Sri Krsna who is Narayana, the Supreme Brahman now incarnated as the son of Arjuna’s maternal uncle and seated as a charioteer in his chariot — showed Arjuna, the son of Pritha His paternal aunt, that Lordly form uniquely His own, which is the ground of the entire universe, which is manifold and wonderful, and which rules over everything. And that form was like this:

Commentary by Sri Sridhara Swami of Rudra Sampradaya:

Having bequeathed the supernatural eyes of illumination the Supreme Lord Krishna exhibited His almighty, omnipotent, transcendental visvarupa or divine universal form. The description of this universal form is what is being described in this verse and the next five verses by Sanjaya, who was also given divine sight to see it by Vedavyasa.

Commentary by Sri Madhvacharya of Brahma Sampradaya:

The Supreme Lord Krishna is known as Hari because He removes all inauspiciousness from His devotees. Also He is known as Hari as He is the ultimate recipient of all acts of worship and propitiation partaking of the libation known as ida as well as the sanctified vegetarian food offered by the householders to the Supreme Lord. And another annotation of Hari found in the Moksa Dharma is that as His complexion is the most radiant of the blue colors He is known as Hari as well.

Commentary by Sri Keshava Kashmiri of Kumara Sampradaya:

Sanjaya is now speaking to King Dhrtarastra summarised in six verses that the Supreme Lord Krishna being earnestly requested with devotion to reveal His phenomenal, awe inspiring visvarupa or divine universal form, gave Arjuna the prerequisite divine vision to see it and then exhibited His almighty transcendental form in its entirety. This is what is understood by the word evam meaning in this way. Then the omnipotent Lord Krishna who is being referred to by the name Hari or He who takes away all inauspiciousness from His devotees displayed His supreme, divine universal form to His devotee Arjuna, the son of His father Vasudeva’s sister who is known as Pritha or Kunti.

Commentary by Sri Adi Shankaracharya of Advaita Sampradaya:

11.9 Rajan, O King, Dhrtarastra; uktva, having spoken evam, thus, in the manner stated above; tatah, thereafter; harih, Hari, Narayana; maha-yogeswarah, the great Master of Yoga-who is great (mahan) and also the master (isvara) of Yoga; darasyamasa showed; parthaya, to the son of Prtha; the paramam, supreme; aisvaram, divine; rupam, form, the Cosmic form:

Commentary by Sri Abhinavagupta of Kaula Tantra Sampradaya:

11.9 Sri Abhinavagupta did not comment upon this sloka.

Sanskrit Shloka Without Transliteration Marks:

sañjaya uvaca
evam uktva tato rajan
maha-yogesvaro harih
darsayam asa parthaya
paramam rupam aisvaram

Sanskrit to English Word for Word Meanings:

sañjayaḥ uvāca — Sañjaya said; evam — thus; uktvā — saying; tataḥ — thereafter; rājan — O King; mahā-yoga-īśvaraḥ — the most powerful mystic; hariḥ — the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Kṛṣṇa; darśayām āsa — showed; pārthāya — unto Arjuna; paramam — the divine; rūpam aiśvaram — universal form.


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