ye śāstra-vidhim utsṛjya
teṣāḿ niṣṭhā tu kā kṛṣṇa
sattvam āho rajas tamaḥ
Translation of Bhagavad Gita 17.1
Arjuna inquired: O Krishna, what is the situation of those who do not follow the principles of scripture but worship according to their own imagination? Are they in goodness, in passion or in ignorance?