Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 14

Bhagavad Gita 14.1


śrī-bhagavān uvāca
paraḿ bhūyaḥ pravakṣyāmi
jñānānāḿ jñānam uttamam
yaj jñātvā munayaḥ sarve
parāḿ siddhim ito gatāḥ

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.1

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Again I shall declare to you this supreme wisdom, the best of all knowledge, knowing which all the sages have attained the supreme perfection.

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Bhagavad Gita 14.2


idaḿ jñānam upāśritya
mama sādharmyam āgatāḥ
sarge ’pi nopajāyante
pralaye na vyathanti ca

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.2

By becoming fixed in this knowledge, one can attain to the transcendental nature like My own. Thus established, one is not born at the time of creation or disturbed at the time of dissolution.

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Bhagavad Gita 14.3


mama yonir mahad brahma
tasmin garbhaḿ dadhāmy aham
sambhavaḥ sarva-bhūtānāḿ
tato bhavati bhārata

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.3

The total material substance, called Brahman, is the source of birth, and it is that Brahman that I impregnate, making possible the births of all living beings, O son of Bharata.

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Bhagavad Gita 14.4


sarva-yoniṣu kaunteya
mūrtayaḥ sambhavanti yāḥ
tāsāḿ brahma mahad yonir
ahaḿ bīja-pradaḥ pitā

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.4

It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kunti, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father.

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Bhagavad Gita 14.5


sattvam rajas tama iti
gunah prakriti-sambhavah
nibadhnanti maha-baho
dehe dehinam avyayam

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.5

Material nature consists of three modes—goodness, passion and ignorance. When the eternal living entity comes in contact with nature, O mighty-armed Arjuna, he becomes conditioned by these modes.

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Bhagavad Gita 14.6


tatra sattvaḿ nirmalatvāt
prakāśakam anāmayam
sukha-sańgena badhnāti
jñāna-sańgena cānagha

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.6

O sinless one, the mode of goodness, being purer than the others, is illuminating, and it frees one from all sinful reactions. Those situated in that mode become conditioned by a sense of happiness and knowledge.

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Bhagavad Gita 14.7


rajo rāgātmakaḿ viddhi
tṛṣṇā-sańga-samudbhavam
tan nibadhnāti kaunteya
karma-sańgena dehinam

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.7

The mode of passion is born of unlimited desires and longings, O son of Kunti, and because of this the embodied living entity is bound to material fruitive actions.

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Bhagavad Gita 14.8


tamas tv ajñāna-jaḿ viddhi
mohanaḿ sarva-dehinām
pramādālasya-nidrābhis
tan nibadhnāti bhārata

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.8

O son of Bharata, know that the mode of darkness, born of ignorance, is the delusion of all embodied living entities. The results of this mode are madness, indolence and sleep, which bind the conditioned soul.

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Bhagavad Gita 14.9


sattvaḿ sukhe sañjayati
rajaḥ karmaṇi bhārata
jñānam āvṛtya tu tamaḥ
pramāde sañjayaty uta

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.9

O son of Bharata, the mode of goodness conditions one to happiness; passion conditions one to fruitive action; and ignorance, covering one’s knowledge, binds one to madness.

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Bhagavad Gita 14.10


rajas tamaś cābhibhūya
sattvaḿ bhavati bhārata
rajaḥ sattvaḿ tamaś caiva
tamaḥ sattvaḿ rajas tathā

Translation of Bhagavad Gita 14.10

Sometimes the mode of goodness becomes prominent, defeating the modes of passion and ignorance, O son of Bharata. Sometimes the mode of passion defeats goodness and ignorance, and at other times ignorance defeats goodness and passion. In this way there is always competition for supremacy.

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